Nacikgoz

Archives for Agriculture & Food

China, a “developing country” in the 21th century, has been one of the superpowers of science and technology for the last 30 years. China’s scintific and technological advancement will lead to its rapid economic development. According to Scopus records, China has increased the number of publications in science, mathematics and computer science to from 200,000… » read more

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It is imperative that we improve the new genotypes for sustainable plant and livestock production given the changes in demand and the environment. Until recently mutations and classical breeding techniques were sufficient to breed new varieties. At the end of the 20th century, tissue culture, gene transfer and other molecular biologic developments have entered the… » read more

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All economic activities related to research, development, production, trade and consumption of plants, animals and all other living things are defined as “bioeconomy”. Scientifically bioeconomy aims at producing economical gains by generating surplus values using new methods such as biotechnology with the targeted profits of improved health, increased productivity and higher quality in agricultural and… » read more

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The economic sizes of countries are evaluated using parameters such as annual growth, inflation, unemployment, exchange rate, interest rate, and budget balance and population movements. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) criterion is used as an economic indicator for countries. Instead of GDP, the “purchasing power parity (PPP)” has been put into use for economic rankings… » read more

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Reweaving the support systems of world seed business in one paper , I found attitude of some EU countries quite interesting. In 1980’s, they have decided to support firstly those seed companies, working autogam plants, for 25 years. The state which provides credit, scientific consultancy, expert, infrastructure and hardware support in the legal arrangements, especially… » read more

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Brazil, Russia, India and China (“BRIC” countries) did not attain a prominent economic performance until 2000’s. However, they have made great strides in economic development in the first decade of 21. century. In fact %40 of the world GDP’s increase belongs to BRIC countries during 2011 and 2012, whereas G7’s share of the mentioned increase… » read more

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Natural disasters may restrict available economic resources, which are critical for the society. For example decrease in agricultural production as a result of drought in a given country would not only limit access to food but would also result in extreme imbalance in income distribution. In such cases, the social balance of a nation may… » read more

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Malnutrition is defined as undernutrition, micro-nutrient deficiency and overweight. Unfortunately, it causes high economic and social costs to society in almost every country. According to FAO’s latest estimates, 12.5 percent (868 million people) of the global population is undernourished. Still, 26 percent of the world’s children have child growth retardation (stunting); 2 billion people suffer… » read more

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A recent article (literature) mentions that by 2050, the per capita daily calorie consumption will increase 11% as a result of increased wealth. Also per capita food consumption of some food categories might increase dramatically: 14% for sugar, 15% for legumes, 33% for vegetable oil, and 26% for meat, % 19 for milk and dairy… » read more

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It is expected that, world will need 50%-70% more food by 2050. The main reasons are global warming, increasing population and much more daily calories due to raising welfare. But population increase is causing dramatic fall in agricultural areas per person. Currently cultivated landis 1.38 billion hectares and unfortunately this is unfortunately not easy expanded.… » read more

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